Overseas infectious diseases of priority concern

This section provides an overview of exotic, infectious diseases (of priority concern to New Zealand) detected overseas. It covers three major categories of disease (for background  see 'Which exotic diseases are we most worried about?').

On this page

► Two diseases alerted as Public Health Emergencies of International Concern, 2016-17

► Three types of serious respiratory virus were detected in the world, 2013-17

► Increasing geographic spread of dengue in the Pacific, 2013-17

Two diseases alerted as Public Health Emergencies of International Concern, 2016-17

Zika infection and microcephaly and other neurological disorders was alerted as a Public Health Emergency of International Concern (PHEIC) from February-November 2016. Polio has remained a PHEIC since it was first announced in 2014 [1].

Three types of serious respiratory virus were detected in the world, 2013-17

Outbreaks in Asia included human cases of Bird Flu: flu A(H5N1) in 2013 and flu A(H7N9)/A(H5N6) in 2013-17, and of Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus in 2014-16 [1]. None of these diseases were reported in the Pacific region.

Increasing geographic spread of dengue in the Pacific, 2013-17

Between 2013 and 2017 the number of Pacific Island countries and territories reporting cases of Dengue increased from eight to twelve [2].

The WHO also reported outbreak alerts for six mosquito-borne diseases, 2013-17 [1]: Chikungunya, Dengue Fever, Rift Valley Fever, Yellow Fever, Zika, and West Nile Virus. Combined, these diseases were present across the Pacific, North and South America, Asia, Africa and Europe.

References

1. World Health Organization. Global Alert Response (GAR). (Accessed Feb 2018). Available from: http://www.who.int/csr/resources/publications/en/

2. Pacific Public Health Surveillance Network. 2018 .Personal communication.