Exotic mosquito species established in New Zealand
This section summarises which exotic mosquitoes have been introduced to New Zealand. The presence of exotic mosquito species in New Zealand increases the risk of mosquito-borne disease outbreaks here. For more background see 'About Border Health'.
No new exotic mosquito species introduced to New Zealand, 2009-18.
- As of 2018, there are three long-established exotic mosquito species in New Zealand (Table 1) .
- The Southern Saltmarsh mosquito (Aedes camptorhynchus) was eradicated in 2010. It was first reported to be living in New Zealand in 1998.
- In 2018 Culex sitiens was detected in Kaipara Harbour through the National Saltmarsh mosquito surveillance programme .
Table 1: New Zealand’s recent history of exotic mosquito introductions
|Exotic mosquito species known to have established in New Zealand||Time period||New Zealand distribution|
1961 - present
Southern South Island
|Aedes notoscriptus||1916 - present||
North Island and South Island from Lyttelton north
|Culex quinquefasciatus||1830 - present||North Island and northern South Island|
Southern Saltmarsh Mosquito
|1998 - 2010||North and eastern North Island and northern South Island|
Data source: New Zealand BioSecure, 2019
1. New Zealand BioSecure Entomology Laboratory. New Zealand Mosquitoes. Southern Monitoring Services Limited. (Accessed March 2019). Available at: www.smsl.co.nz
2. MPI (Ministry for Primary Industries). Alerts: Culex stitiens. (Accessed March 2019). Available at: www.mpi.govt.nz