This section provides statistics on melanoma registrations and deaths in New Zealand. You can download factsheets from the Downloads box.
Melanoma is a type of skin cancer, and most melanoma is caused by UV exposure. Risk factors for melanoma include sun exposure, fair skin, and childhood sun exposure/sunburns.
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Melanoma is one of the most common cancers in New Zealand. In 2015, melanoma was the 4th most commonly registered cancer, and the 6th most common cancer death.
In 2015, there were 2423 melanoma registrations in New Zealand. The melanoma registration rate has stayed higher for males than females since 1996  (Figure 1).
In 2015, 378 people died from melanoma in New Zealand. The mortality rate has stayed consistently higher for males than females (Figure 2).
Figure 2: Melanoma mortality rate, by sex, 2001–2015 (age-standardised rate per 100,000)
New Zealand and Australia have the highest rates of melanoma incidence and mortality in the world (Figure 3).
Source: IARC 2014 
Māori have much lower rates of melanoma than non-Māori (Figure 4). In 2015, the age-standardised Māori rate for melanoma registrations was 7 per 100,000, compared with almost 40 per 100,000 for non-Māori.
Melanoma cancer registrations and deaths
Source: Ministry of Health – New Zealand Cancer Registry, New Zealand Mortality Collection.
Definition: Melanoma is defined as melanoma of the skin registrations (ICD-10 C43) in the New Zealand Cancer Registry. Rates are per 100,000 people, and have been age-standardised to the WHO world standard population.
Global melanoma statistics
Source: Globocan (IARC 2014) 
1. Ministry of Health. 2016. Cancer: Historical summary 1948–2013. Wellington: Ministry of Health.
2. IARC. 2014. GLOBOCAN 2012: Estimated cancer incidence, mortality and prevalence worldwide in 2012. Retrieved June 2014, from http://globocan.iarc.fr/Pages/summary_table_site_prev_sel.aspx